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How to train a climbing rose on wires, fences, arches and pergolas
Last Updated on January 21, 2020 by John
Climbing roses are not self clinging so need a support to climb, you can either fix horizontal wires 30cm apart or use trellis. You should have 2-4 strong stems which can be spread out evenly to fill the space and tied into place onto either the horizontal wires or trellis. Tire in further shoots as they grow. If you have trouble getting the branches to shoot, cut back the tips of the shoot to encourage new growth.
If you grow them up a pillar, arches or pergolas, simply twist the stems around the upright keeping the turns as horizontal as possible.
Roses come in many shapes and sizes, heirloom varieties and hybrid varieties alike. Roses have stood the test of time end are truly one of the most joyous of flowers for any home.
Roses are admired for their beautiful blossoms and fragrance which for centuries have been integrated into all manner of courtyards and gardens. In fact, many of the heirloom varieties that are cherished across the UK today have been around since 1867. Cross-pollination has produced plants with larger blooms that are significantly heavier than heirloom varieties and in fact, 80% of roses today are some form of cross-pollinated species. That said these cross-pollinated species are significantly stronger and some of them will climb naturally up structures if you allow them but they do need a little help to get them started.
When they do so you can enjoy a much richer blanket of flowers in all manner of shades including reds, purple’s, pinks, whites, and more.
When to plant climbing roses
You can plant your climbing roses anytime between the beginning of Spring and the beginning of autumn depending on your area. Roses require at least six weeks in the ground prior to the first frost taking place so it is incumbent upon you to know when your pending frost dates are. It is important that your roses be provided enough time to establish themselves before they go into dormancy. If your roses are not able to establish roots by the time the weather turns they will not be able to come back out of dormancy the following spring. If you choose to wait until the ground has thawed come springtime you will guarantee your roses have enough time to establish themselves and give you the beautiful flowers you so desire. Bare root roses when are usually available between November and March can be planted anytime between these dates as they are already dormant but they want root and grow until spring.
Best climbing roses
There are many climbing roses out there one of which is called Eden. It is a pink climber that is vigorous with a delightful smell. The classic climbing rose that will grow prolifically if allowed is called New Dawn. Renae roses are similar to the first two but they don’t have thorns which for many people might be the deciding factor.
If you don’t want pink flowers there are other variations out there such as the Alfred Carriere which is a tough climbing rose that can survive extreme climates with white blooms and a heavy scent. For a thornless option, consider the Zephirine Drouhin which brings with it bright pink shades of flowers as pictured above and there is also another thornless variety called golden showers.
How to train a climbing rose
Once you have selected the rose and you have chosen the correct time to plant it, it is incumbent upon you to keep an eye out for how well it is growing and to provide it something up which to climb. Most people choose to give their climbing rose has a physical structure up which to climb which can be something such as fences or walls around the perimeter of your existing garden, the side of an outdoor shed, a Pergola or Arbor, even a trellis that stands alone.
This, of course, is contingent upon the purpose of your climbing rose. If you prefer growing the climbing rose in an effort to cover up an unseemly structure then placing it in the ground or in pots up against that structure is best. On the other hand, if you have an outdoor porch and you want to create a fragrant half wall for privacy growing along the perimeter of the porch either in the ground or in pots and up a trellis will give you that ability.
As the roses establish themselves they will start to climb naturally up the structure you have selected. It is up to you during the first few years to help train the climbing roses in the direction that you prefer. Again, this is really contingent upon your needs. If you are planting your climbing roses in the ground along the perimeter of your porch to create a half wall of privacy, then you will want to make sure each of the vines naturally spread out across the trellis you have used more or less in an equal fashion. This will allow for equal coverage and a blanket of flowers come springtime. It is best to use soft twine to a fix the vines and stems to be the structure you have used as it is growing. Once the roses have established themselves and are clinging successfully to the structures in question by twinning round it, you can remove whatever you used to hold them in place and they will continue climbing on their own.
As for pruning, simply cut back any flowering side shoots by about two thirds and tie in new shoots to fill available space. Finally, if you have an overgrown rose, cut back any old stems back to the base and tie in new shoots to replace them.