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What are rose suckers and how to get rid of them
Last Updated on January 21, 2020 by John
Roses make for beautiful plants, flowering prolifically all summer if you take good care of them with proper pruning and feeding. The problem is when they start to produce stems which are known as suckers. These are stems that come from what is known as the rootstock which is actually the root from a different rose type that rose growers use to graft different varieties of roses onto because they make the roses stronger and more resistance to diseases.
What are rose suckers?
Rose suckers are any growth that comes from the ground near the stem but is not part of the main shoot. They are easily identifiable because they are generally longer and more slender than the regular rose bush, with different thorns and leaves.
There are 3 types of suckers you usually see:
- Off root suckers which grow from the roots of the rose bush (This is the grafted root from another rose)
- Above ground suckers which grow from a bud along the stem.
- Below ground suckers which grow from a bud that is below the soil, where you can’t see it.
How you remove them is the same regardless of type. And the reasons you want to remove them include the fact that:
- They grow and look different than the rest of your bush, often out of control. They also don’t often flower but if they do they often look like wild roses, so they take away from the aesthetics of your rose bush.
- They can kill your regular rose bush by taking away vital nutrients and weakening the upper part of your bush until such time as the entire plant dies.
How to remove the rose suckers
The sooner you get rid of rose suckers, the better.
Removing suckers is tricky business if done incorrectly. Most people think they can just cut off the sucker from the cane, but doing this will only enable the sucker to grow back as soon as your back is turned.
To really get rid of them for good, follow these steps:
Prepare the soil for your soon-to-be-excavation by dampening the soil a few days before you start your quest to remove suckers. This will make it easier to complete step 2.
Find out where it is coming from. You will need to dig the soil back by hand so that you don’t accidentally damage the rootstock in your search for the sucker.
Once you know where the sucker is attached, you can remove it by twisting and pulling it off. When doing this, make sure to wear gardening gloves so that your hands are protected from thorns. The best way to do this is to twist and pull enough to damage the joint where the sucker has sprouted so that it has less chance of shooting again come.
Now it is time to seal the wound. The damaged area needs to be protected against disease with a healing product, named as such. You can use these products by painting them onto the affected area, the same as you would apply a waterproof bandaid to a cut. Usually, you can get products such as prune seal for this which is usually sold for sealing tree that has been pruned.
Once the sucker is completely removed and the damaged area protected, you should replace any soil cover you removed so that the entire rootstock remains covered.
Getting rid of a sucker from your rose bush should take a matter of minutes, but it is well worth the investment.