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Last updated on April 27th, 2020
Euphorbia plants offer a beautiful onslaught of colour with its bracts of flowers. It can fill a space in your garden quite well and depending on the variety you get, continue to offer flowers year after year. If you already have a successful euphorbia in your garden, you might consider taking cuttings and propagating them.
Wear gloves to protect your self from the milky sap that will irritants skin
Euphorbias no matter their variety will secrete a milky white sap that is an irritant for your eyes and your skin so when you take the cuttings and handle them make sure that you wear gloves, during that time you don’t touch any other part of your skin or your face, and you are careful to move the cuttings around in such a way that they don’t come into contact with your skin.
Choosing healthy stems to take cuttings from
When you head out into your garden to select the cuttings for your new plants, simply choose those that are healthy and already have a little bit of growth on them. You don’t want one that is deformed or unbalanced once it’s removed, rather one that is very evenly growing around the entire stem and nice and healthy.
When to take cuttings from euphorbia
Cuttings are best taken in spring before the flowers buds emerge. Stems should be around 1 to 2 inches long.
Taking the euphorbia cuttings
As mentioned you will want to wear gloves but it can be helpful after you take your cutting to stand the cuttings in a glass of cold water for about 5 minutes. This process removes the milky latex sap from the end where you took the cut, and it inhibits any additional flow from the cut.
Once that is done, you will need to remove some of the lower leaves to prevent too much moisture from dispersing through the leaves. Your plant is still living at this point and it has a transpiration system but it doesn’t yet have the roots that help it take up water. You will want to make a clean cut about 3cm from the lower leaves with a back-and-forth drawing motion with a very sharp knife. You want to be able to make a single cut back and forth and not press down on it to make your cut. This can cause a lot of damage if you do it the wrong way.
After you have removed the bottom leaves you can dip the end in charcoal to help seal the wounds. Again this is to prevent the sap from leaking out of all the different points. It gives it a nice quick coating.
Planting your cuttings
Once that is done, set them aside and prepare the pots. Make sure you fill pots with the appropriate potting compost for cutting and make a hole at the correct depth using a pen.
Place your cutting inside to the point where the leaves stick out over the top and press them down firmly. It’s important that you put them at the edge of the pot not right in the middle. This helps them to dry out more slowly which is important that they develop their roots. The growing medium should be free draining and low nutrient as they focus on developing their roots.
You can actually place several cuttings around the edge of a single container as long as you spread them out along the perimeter. For example, if you are using a square container you can place them in the four corners. Keep them moist and in an area, with indirect sun and after about three months they should be ready to transplant into new pots.