Last updated on January 22nd, 2020
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Bare root rose planting guide
Roses are one of the most beautiful of garden plants and with hundreds of varieties and wonderful, exotic colours to choose from it is easy to see why they are one of the most popular plants. There are many types of roses from small patio varieties, hedging varieties and large climbing roses just to name a few.
What are bare root roses
Bare root roses are roses that are lifted from open ground when they have gone dormant for the winter and lost all their leaves. They have no soil around there roots and no foliage, this is usually between November and March. Bare roots rose are usually available by mail order from rose nurseries and are usually very good quantity and have much deeper root systems than potted roses.
When to plant bare root roses
Bare root roses can only be planted when they have gone dormant for the winter and have lost all their foliage. This is usually between November when the cold weather sets in for Autumn to around March just before they start to grow again when the weather warms.
As long as the ground is not frozen you can basically plant any time between these months. Containerised roses can be planted at any time of year as long as the ground is not frozen or too dry.
How to plant bare root roses
Before planting your roses it is important to keep the roses damp, not allowing them to dry out. Either water them regularly or alternatively dig the roots into soil / compost in a temporary spot until you have decided where to plant them. They should be planted as soon as possible.
It is recommended to prune the roses to 3 buds above the roots on the main stem before planting to allow the rose to shoot new growth from lower down, this will create a bushier rose. Roots can also be trimmed very slightly if necessary is any damaged when they have been lifted from the ground.
Rose Plants steps
Dig out your hole in your desired location. This needs ideally to be the depth of a garden spade and twice as wide as the roots to ensure the roots are fully covered.
Fork the base of the hole to loosen the soil slightly. Add a granular fertiliser/feed such as bone meal or well rotted farm manure. Mix this at the base of the hole with soil dug from the hole previously.
Place the rose into the hole and add the soil back into the hole. Filling in around the root gradually and firming in the layers.
Once the hole is full, add a layer of mulch of well-rotted compost onto the surface. You could also use bark or farm manure as mulch. This will help to retain moisture and protect the roots from surface frost. Water the rose well.
It is important to water the rose (once planted) on a regular basis, even when it has been raining as the rain water doesn’t always reach the roots which may have an effect on the roses growth.
In spring when the new growth shoots it is best to spray with a fungicide such as rose clear to help prevent blackspot and mildew. This should be done at regular intervals as indicated on the fungicide spray container.
Recommended fertilisers / feeds
- Doff rose & shrub feed
- Fish, blood & bone
- Q4 pelleted fertiliser
- Q4 rootmore