Last updated on January 21st, 2020
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For those of you who are lucky enough to have a pond in your back garden you know that there are plenty of options for plants that grow at the bottom of the pond, plants that grow along the perimeter, but now it’s important to find floating pond plants that add texture and variety to the surface. Below you will find our 7 must-have floating pond plants to incorporate in your garden pond:
With this plant, you can enjoy the shiny, green leaves offset by the small white flowers which offer yellow centres and three petals each. When grown in your pond it can be floating or rooted. This aquatic plant is best known for the leaves that take on a heart shape and float on the surface. When the loose rosettes of leaves spread across the surface they resemble a water lily.
This floating fern is an annual aquatic fern that takes on the appearance of moss without the invasive hassle. It is rootless so it can form rapidly in your pond, creating an expanding foliage mat that covers the surface. The leaves are quite small and they fill with pouches of air to help give it the float.
Hydrocharis Morsus Ranae
A flowering plant, this freely floating pond plant is an annual pond plant that can reach 20cm in length. As the name implies, it does not have to be attached to any part of the pond bottom. It thrives in calmer waters, which makes it great for a pond. It looks somewhat like a small water lily with the round leaves and small, tri-petaled flowers of white offset by a yellow centre.
Pistia Stratiotes Rosette
This variety of aquatic plant offers roots that hang below the surface and on top of the pond surface it offers unique, soft leaves that are thick and form a rosette appearance, hence its name. The ribbed leaves take on light green and blue colours, adding wonderful variety to your pond. While it is not actually a head of lettuce or cabbage, it earns the nickname of water lettuce or water cabbage because of its rosette appearance. This variety does well in shade, especially during hotter seasons.
Pistia Stratiotes Variegata
This form of water lettuce is great for ponds insofar as it produces beautiful foliage that adds texture and colour to your garden. This type as the name suggests is a variegated form of water lettuce that typically reaches 10cm in size. The leaves open in groups, adding multiple layers of light or rich green floating ontop your pond surface. They can form mats across the surface if given enough sunlight and are fast-growing.
This is a freely floating aquatic plant that you should add to your pond for the texture it provides. The roots are feathery and span upwards of 20cm. Leaves on the plant are fleshy and get arranged in tiny rosettes that span between 2 and 15cm. Colour-wise they are grey and green with dense white hair.
Eichhornia crassipes Major
This freshwater aquatic plant varies in size and some mature plants can span a few centimetres while others get up to one metre. The plants produce spreading petioles and tend to stand in a dense, tall fashion. The plants produce shoots and crowns complete with ten leaves. As the shoot matures, older leaves die off giving an isolated shoot the closer to the pond bottom you go. Roots will develop based on the nutrient condition of the water and form a dense mat. Flowers are produced on each spike which takes on purple and mauve colours with a bright yellow centre. All of your flowers will open at the same time too.
If you have space, of course, you can integrate all of these but for those who are more limited just pick your favourite one or two floating pond plants to incorporate to your pond surface. Remember to find something that works with space and the water you have, and take something with the right amount of Maintenance you are willing to invest.