Fruit growing

How and when to prune quince trees

Last updated on April 27th, 2020

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If you are growing quince trees, it’s important that you prune the trees regularly. The trees tend to look after themselves quite well but you can help them by pruning near the end of dormancy to encourage better fruiting.

When to prune quince – Between Autumn and late Spring

Quinces will fruit primarily on the tips of the shoots that they produced the previous year to the aim to create lots of new growth remove old growth. This means you should prune and train the tree during its dormant season which is usually between the end of Autumn and the beginning of Spring. This is the time that you should set up the branch framework.

Forming the framework

The framework you want should be very similar to apple trees. And during the early years of a tree, you want to set up a good structure by placing the first four branches around a height of 1.25 meters. This is also the time where you remove all the lower branches so that the trunk of the tree is clear.

Pruning more established trees to promote better fruiting

Once that process is done to form a good framework after a few years and the tree has had a few years to establish itself in your garden, you can leave it to its own devices with only light pruning needed every year to remove unwanted growth.

Once established, you should still remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches as soon as you see them as you do all fruit trees. You should also check for crossing branches and remove branches that are growing inward toward the middle of your tree or any branches that are crowding the tree to help light flow through the tree.

This is very important in terms of providing the tree with ample access to light. Giving it better light penetration and air circulation can also be achieved by pruning every winter. If you prune in the winter though, do not remove more than one-quarter of the oldest branches. If you see any suckers around the base get rid of those as well.

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