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Last updated on September 7th, 2020

Roses are very popular shrubs to have in any garden and are often scented, and so much effort goes into maintaining them such as spraying with fungicides in spring, propper pruning and general care.

But what happens when you notice caterpillars on your roses?

For starters, these caterpillars are often the larvae of a common pest: the rose sawfly. 

What are rose sawflies?

They are called this as they take on the appearance of flies when they reach adulthood, but they are in the same group as wasps, ants, and bees. The larvae are like caterpillars and they grow inside the leaves of your rose bush which often start to curl, eating their way to maturity. 

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The large rose sawflies are pale in colour, with spots of black, yellow, and green. As they eat the leaves on your rose bush, they can cause serious defoliation. 

Once they reach adulthood, they change colour, taking on a yellow abdomen with a black head and thorax. 

How do you identify sawfly larvae?

You can tell when the issue really isn’t caterpillars, but the sawfly by a handful of symptoms. 

  1. First, the females lay their eggs inside the young, soft stems of the rose bush which then split open. So if you see elongated scars along the stems, it is indicative of the large rose sawfly. 
  2. Second, the laying of the eggs and subsequent eating of your rose bush causes the leaves to curl, so if you see them curling inward and downward, it might be a sign. Moreover, the chemicals left behind by the females which cause this curling, maintain the curled shape while the young larvae subsist inside the leaves.
  3. Third, the caterpillar-like pests will appear with black and yellow spots and begin defoliating your rose bush during the summer. 

How to Control it

If you have a problem, you have a few options. Firstly, you can leave the plant be as a mild infestation won’t harm the overall health of your rose bush. 

Secondly, you can handle larger infestations by removing the larvae by hand. If you see the tell-tale signs of eggs in the stems, you can remove those stems before the eggs mature. 

Thirdly, larger infestations can be handled with pesticides. You can spray pesticides at dusk to kill off a serious pest problem. If you use pesticides, always follow the instructions on the label. You might need to apply them several times, especially if you are using organic insecticides with natural pyrethins instead of those with deltamethrin, cypermethrin, and cyhalothrin. 

Recommended spray

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SBM Life Science Provanto Ultimate Bug Killer RTU 1L
  • Contact insecticide that can protect from pests for up to 2 weeks
  • Kills most common insect pests on an extensive range of ornamental plants
  • Protects over 30 different crops from insect attack
  • Use indoors or outdoors.

Note: If your rose bush is in flower, you should avoid spraying pesticides as it can kill off pollinating insects such as bees.

Related articles

How to treat roses with black spot

Best fungicides for treating roses

Pests and diseases that attack roses and how to prevent and treat them

Where the leaves on your roses are turning yellow and how to treat them

How to revive a wilting rose

Last update on 2021-01-13 at 14:44 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

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Welcome to my site, my name is John and I have been lucky enough to work in horticultural nurseries for over 15 years in the UK. As the founder and editor as well as researcher, I have a City & Guilds Horticultural Qualifications which I proudly display on our About us page. I now work full time on this website where I review the very best gardening products and tools and write reliable gardening guides. Behind this site is an actual real person who has worked and has experience with the types of products we review as well as years of knowledge on the topics we cover from actual experience. You can reach out to me at john@pyracantha.co.uk

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