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When you have trees in your garden, they make for excellent borders, but they also block a lot of sun for those plants underneath. What’s more, the soil under trees tends to be shady and depleted of nutrients, insufficient for a lot of plants.
Not wanting to leave the space below your trees barren, there are many options for plants that will thrive under trees throughout the year, bringing your garden a bit of colour and cheer no matter the season.
That said, below are 10 of the best plants for under trees, divided by their varying bloom periods, so you can mix and match in such a way as to get colour and blooms all year round:
Winter flowering plants
1. Galanthus (Snowdrops)
Snowdrops are the quintessential winter flower. They bloom in the coldest of weather, during January and February. They ideally need to be planted in the green for the most success and will thereafter thrive beneath the canopy of your trees, marking the turn of winter to spring with their sweet, crisp, white appearance. Snowdrops can be purchased as bulbs but we always recommend looking for them in the green as mentioned planted in small pots. They are a little more expensive but well worth buying this well.
2. Pulmonaria officinalis (Lungwort)
Lungwort makes for excellent ground cover beneath your trees. What’s more, they give bees a range of flowers with white, red, blue, purple, and pinks all of which stand juxtaposed by the silvery foliage. These are wildflowers native to Britain, and the best part is they require little maintenance. Look for flowers between February and March.
Spring Flowering plants
As the year transitions from January to February and beyond, Hepaticas make for an excellent bloom. These are European flowers that prefer dappled shade beneath trees and provide blue, white, or pink flower at the beginning of spring, between February and March.
4. Anemone nemorosa (Wood anemones)
The woodlander Anemone nemorosa will thrive beneath your tree cover, and between March and April give you drifts of white flowers, rich in scent. If you want to go above and beyond, look for the Vestal cultivar which produces double flowers.
5. Sanguinaria canadensis (Bloodroot)
Another woodlander, this plant loves shaded areas. The blooms produced between March and April are but a few centimetres off the ground, resting above clasped leaves. The flowers are comprised of rosettes of white petals.
Summer flowering plants
Aquilegias do best in dappled shade. You can find them in many colours, and moreover, in many floral shapes. Between May and June, your garden will burst with colour. These are perfect for cottage gardens or woodland gardens and they self-seed quite well, so you don’t have to do much work to keep them going.
7. Lunaria annua (Honesty)
Known commonly as honesty, Lunaria annua produce pretty flowers at the end of Spring and start of Summer that are rich in nectar. So, they will bring forth many pollinators to your yard. Eventually, you get seed heads that are stunning and remain in place throughout the winter.
8. Polygonatum × hybridum (Solomon’s Seal)
These flowers are elegant with white flowers boasting green tips arched atop lush foliage. They prefer shaded spots with moist soil. Flowering takes place between May and June, and once that is over, look for the blackberry type fruits and the subsequent birds they summon.
9. Galium odoratum (Sweet woodruff)
This plant loves damp shade but even if the area beneath your trees is dry, it will cope. If you have a woodland setting, these plants are perfect among your shrubs. They will make a carpet of flowers between May and June.
Autumn flowering plants
10. Hardy Geraniums (Cranesbills)
These plants flower between May and October, with a bright range of colour for months on end. They will self-seed, so you don’t have to do any work to generate new plants.
By mixing and matching these top 10, you can make sure the area beneath your trees doesn’t remain vacant for long but instead is bursting with colour.