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Types of roses – Learn about the different roses available
Last Updated on January 22, 2020 by John
Types Of Roses
Rose plants are the most popular of all types of plants available and can be used in many situations, from climbing up an old tree to forming a spectacular hedge row or even as a focal point in the garden.
Most roses will flower for long periods of time usually from around June / July to around September / October. The main types of roses are as follows:
- Hybrid Tea rose
- Floribunda rose
- Old English rose / Shrub rose
- Patio roses
- Climbing roses
- Rambling roses
- Ground cover roses
- Standard roses
- Rosa rugosa
The different types of roses explained
Hybrid Tea Rose
Hybrid Tea roses are probably the most popular of all roses and produce large flowers usually on individual stems and there are hundreds of varieties available in many vibrant colors. They usually grow between 80cm (30 inch) and 150cm (5ft) tall depending on the variety, regular dead heading will encourage a longer blooming period. We recommend they are cut back to 20-30cm in spring just before they begin to shoot. Hybrid tea roses are usually planted spaced and make excellent rose beds.
Floribunda roses also known as cluster roses and are available in many colours and varieties just like Hybrid tea roses, but the main difference is that they produce many flowers upon one stem giving them the name ‘cluster rose’. Some varieties such as Stromboli are also used to form hedges because of the large mass of flowers they produce.
Old English Rose
These are a favourite of many gardeners and produce the most fantastic flowers, from the two tone cream and pink flowers of ‘Mundi’ to the dark scarlet flowers of ‘Tuscany Superb’. Most Old English varieties are very old breeds and have large flowers made up of lots of petals. They generally have have lots of very small thorns and grow to around 150cm (5ft).
Perfect for tubs and planters on the patio, these roses produce lots of very small flowers and usually grow to around 60cm (2ft) tall. Less vigorous and more petite than larger varieties, prune on spring hard and remove spent flowers through out summer to encourage more flowers.
Climbing Roses / Rambling Roses
Climbing and rambling roses are both ideal for climbing up a wall, over a pergola and simply left to scramble up and over trees. The main difference between climbers and ramblers is that ramblers only flower once usually around June / July where as climbers can flower twice throughout the summer giving a longer flowering period. Although not the case with all varieties, ramblers tend to have smaller single flowers in clusters and climbers produce large flowers similar to that of Hybrid teas that look more like a proper rose flower. Ramblers can also be more vigorous.
Ground cover roses
Got some open ground to cover then these roses might be what your looking for, they produce long spreading branches low down and produce the perfect cover. They produces masses of small single flowers through the summer,
These roses are great to add a focal point in the garden and are technically a rose on the top of a tall stem. These roses are formed by graphing the main rose (the variety you choose) to the top of a long rose stem which is used to support the main rose. These are usually available as half standards which are around 3ft tall and full standards which are around 5ft tall. These are available with types including hybrid tea and floribunda.
Rose rugosa is mostly used to form hedge rows and can be left untended once established and produces small scented pink or white flowers followed by red hips. The small flowers are usually made up of only 5-6 petals and the small green foliage is deciduous although in sheltered mild areas is sometimes evergreen.
Tips when growing roses
- Roses are hungry plants, mix good quality compost into the soil when planting
- Water regularly until established
- Mulch every winter and spring with well rotted farm manure
- Spray in spring with a fungicide to help prevent rust, black spot and mildew
- Plant in well-drained fertile soil, mix grit into the soil to improve drainage if needed
- Dead head spent flowers to encourage more blooms throughout summer
- Space freely to allow air to circulate around individual plants, this helps prevent mildew