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If you have a north-facing wall, you can capitalize upon it by growing a climber up and over that wall. Not every plant will fair in such conditions, but there are a dozen that will.
Below are the top 12 climbers for north facing walls:
1. Euonymus fortunei ‘Emerald n Gold’
Nicknamed ‘Emerald ‘n’ Gold’, this plant can be a wall shrub or evergreen specimen shrub. It is beautiful all year with an array of colour in Autumn, small flowers in spring, and colourful fruits later in the season. It has a habit of spreading, so it works well going up a wall. The leaves are broad, green, with a yellow margin, but in winter they are tinged with pink. It does well with north-facing sites in sheltered or exposed conditions. Quite versatile, it also tolerates full shade, partial shade, or full sun.
What’s more, it can tolerate loam, sand, clay, or chalk soil so long as the conditions are moist but well-draining. At its full size, it will reach upwards of 1 metre in height and 1.5 meters in spread, but it takes between 5 and 10 years to get there.
2. Hedera helix ‘Glacier’ (Ivy)
This variety of evergreen ivy is a climbing shrub that uses aerial roots to cling to the wall. It produces lobed leaves of a grey-green colour with cream edges. It won’t produce flowers, but rest assured it will quickly cover your wall. It does well with full sun or partial shade and tolerates all types of pH levels and soil types so long as the soil is moist and well-draining. It does well for informal or cottage gardens. Make sure to keep a lookout for leaf spot, aphids, or scale insects.
3. Hydrangea anomala subsp. petiolaris (Climbing Hydrangea)
Known as the climbing hydrangea this is a self-clinging climber, deciduous, with stunning oval leaves that are green in spring but yellow in autumn. The flower heads are about 20cm wide and in them, you will see a range of fertile flowers, small in size, surrounded by the larger white flowers which draw the eye but are sterile. It grows best with full sun and partial shade, in acidic or neutral soil, tolerant of only loam, clay, or sand conditions. Within 10-20 years it will reach a height of 12 metres or more, with a final spread between 4 and 8 metres.
4. Parthenocissus quinquefolia: (Virginia creeper)
Nicknamed the Virginia creeper, or American ivy, this plant has five ovate leaflets that start out green but turn bright orange and red come Autumn. It is a vigorous climber and a deciduous one too. You can enjoy green foliage in spring and summer, followed by small black and blue fruits in Autumn. It does well with full sun, partial shade, or full shade which makes it suitable to almost any area. Within 5-10 years it will reach an ultimate height of over 12 metres with a spread between 4 and 8 metres. It tolerates chalk, clay, sand, and loam soil with any pH level so long as it is moist and well-draining. Be warned that it can be considered an invasive species, non-native to British gardens so you will need to take great care in managing it and disposing of any unwanted parts.
5. Clematis ‘Bees Jubilee’
A deciduous climber, this plant reaches about 3 metres in height and offers free-flowering at the start of summer and a second time at the end of summer. During that time you can enjoy large flowers up to 18cm in size, the colour of which is a richly pink centre and pale pink exterior. These thrive in moisture-rich, well-draining soil and do best if you keep the roots and base of the plant cool while allowing the rest to enjoy sunlight. This can be achieved by putting a layer of pebbles, small ground cover plants, or mulch at the base. The crown should be planted 5-8cm deep so that new shoots grow from underground instead of on top. Be on the lookout for aphids or caterpillars.
6. Clematis ‘Guernsey Cream’
This version produces flowers between June and September. The flowers are a rich creamy colour with a yellow cream strip up the centre of each petal. It is a shade loving climber and will reach upwards of 2.5 metres in height. Scented, you can enjoy a beautiful floral display mixed with a rich aroma when nearby. The plant should be deadheaded after flowering to encourage secondary flushes with regular pruning to control its size.
7. Lonicera henryi ‘Copper Beauty’ (Honeysuckle)
The copper beauty honeysuckle will reach an eventual height of 10 metres and spread of 2 metres. As a semi-evergreen climber it will drop off some of its leaves come winter especially in colder areas or exposed regions but come spring it will refresh itself. It does well in full sun or partial shade and prefers humus-rich soil. It grows quite fast and flowers between June and July. You can cut it back after flowering, and remove ? of the plant, then apply 5-7cm of mulch around the base at the start of spring.
8. Trachelospermum jasminoides (Star Jasmine)
Commonly referred to as star jasmine, this is a vigorous evergreen, a woody climber that produces dark green leaves in an oval shape. The leaves are 5-8cm in length and come winter turn a deep red, followed by fragrant white clusters of flowers which are about 2.5 cm in size. These flowers start a bright white and turn cream with age. It is easy to maintain and prefers shelter from cold wind. You can prune it regularly, and keep your eyes peeled for mealybugs or red spider mites but otherwise, it is disease free.
9. Rambling Rose ‘Albéric Barbier’
This variety is a rambling rose that is strong growing and can reach 5 metres at full maturity. It is known for its glossy green foliage that draws the eye, mixed with its clusters of scented flowers. The flowers appear in the middle of summer and are double, cream coloured flushers with a yellow flush. The plant tolerates all types of pH levels, chalk, loam, or sand soil so long as it is planted somewhere with good drainage and is kept moist. For this, if you grow it up your wall, apply a balanced fertiliser with mulch at the end of winter or beginning of spring. You should look out for diseases like black spot, powdery mildew, or rose rust. There are many pests that will need to be dealt with like scale insects, caterpillars, rose sawflies, and red spider mites.
10. Climbing Rose ‘Maigold’
Rosa plants can come in the form of deciduous, semi evergreens, or scrambling climbers. They all have thorny stems and clusters of flowers. The Maigold variety is yet another thorny stemmed climber with dark green foliage and semi-double flowers. The flowers are very fragrant and have a coppery yellow hue to them. At the start of summer, they appear and grow 10 cm in size, repeating again until Autumn. It is best to grow them in full sun with fertile soil. They need a balanced fertiliser with mulch at the end of winter or start of spring and again in summer.
11. Cotoneaster horizontalis
This cotoneaster plant is a horizontal spreading plant that can be trained up a north-facing wall with ease. It is a deciduous, spreading shrub that gives a range of colour throughout the season. It has dark green, glossy leaves all season long but between May and June it produces an abundance of small, pinkish-white flowers. By Autumn, the flowers and leaves change to a rich red colour with red fruit. At full maturity, it will reach a height of 1 metre and a spread of 2. If you want to attract bees and other pollinators to your garden, this is the plant to choose.
12. Jasminum nudiflorum (Winter Jasmine)
Originally from China, this jasmine plant has gained a lot of popularity for its spreading, climbing nature. It is also referred to as winter jasmine because of its trailing, vines that produce winter white flowers which appear right after winter. It is for this reason that its Chinese name means “the flower that welcomes spring”. It will grow upwards of 3 metres to 5 metres in height. The branches grow from a central crown with arching branches that will trail behind if not trained up your north-facing wall and root into the ground along the path. That said, you can grow it in the middle of your wall at the base, train the trailing branches along the length of the wall, and then train them up the wall so that you have rooted sections along the entirety of your north-facing wall.
No matter which of these you choose, or which mixture of them, be sure to give them the right conditions, keep them watered, and give them something to help them grow upright.
Last update on 2021-10-16 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API