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How to heat a greenhouse without electricity
Last Updated on January 21, 2020 by John
Having your own greenhouse seems like a great idea but you might be worried about the high power bill. It’s already hard enough to keep your house warm but now you have to keep your greenhouse warm too.
Thankfully there are ways that you can design and maintain a greenhouse without using electricity and at least protect those plant that needs a little extra protection from hard frost within using electric.
In this guide, we’re going to focus on ways of improving insulation, other natural heat sources to keep the greenhouse a few degrees warmer and hopefully at least frost-free, but we also include some alternative greenhouse heater to electric.
The first step is to capitalise upon the sun. Certainly there will be times when it’s cloudy out and in the wintertime, the number of sunlight hours is reduced drastically but you can still design your greenhouse and set it up in such a way that it takes advantage of as much free energy from the sun as possible and then uses this to keep your greenhouse a few degrees warmer during the night.
How to insulate a greenhouse properly to retain the most heat possible
The first to consider is to ensure is that your greenhouse is fully insulated with no gaps for draughts to enter. It’s essential that any heat you get is not simply lost because of poor insulation. Tape up all gaps with insulation tape or use transparent mastic to seal to fill in any small cracks. Also, replace any broken panes or seal them with tape.
Next insulation your greenhouse with bubble wrap, most greenhouses are designed so that you can use specially designed clips available from most garden centres and DIY stores to fix the bubble wrap to the greenhouse. Once your greenhouse is properly insulated it will make a big difference to how much heat it will retain.
Place a compost bin in your greenhouse to take advantage of the natural heat produced
In addition to using the sun one way to add warm inside the greenhouse is to make your compost in there. When you make a compost pile it usually stays incredibly hot as it’s working and rather than digging your pile outside of the greenhouse and letting that heat go to waste, do it inside the greenhouse. Have a path around that pile so that you can access it easily and still turn it as necessary and then sit back and enjoy the natural heat that it puts out which with help keep the greenhouse a little warmer than outside the greenhouse.
Use thermal mass objects such as bricks or a barrel of water
Thermal mass objects have to be used appropriately. Things like clay, rocks, and bricks will absorb heat when the sun is up and everything is warm and then released that heat when the temperatures get cold during the night. You can make a raised bed out of brick walls or stone walls inside of which you grow your plants in order to help with this heat.
Water functions as a good thermal mass as well so keeping containers of water around that are sealed will work in the same way, it will absorb warmth during the day when the greenhouse gets warm from the sun and then release it at night as it gets cold.
Use clear plastic to make a doubled glazed effect over the windows for extra insulation
Double glazed windows are commonly seen in houses built in most parts of the Uk because they are more energy-efficient. These windows allowed the warmth from the sun to come into the house during the daytime but then prevent that heat from escaping when the temperatures dropped. You might not be able to afford double pane windows for your greenhouse and most of the time they wouldn’t fit anyway but you can double up on the layers you have by repurposing clear plastic to help create a double-pane effect.
Position your greenhouse facing north to take advantage of the sun
Position your greenhouse facing north if you can to take advantage of the sun. Paint the inside of the south-facing interior wall with white or cover it with a reflective material. This will help the sun to bounce off the wall and go directly into the greenhouse giving your plants some more direct warmth during the daytime.
Place a lean-to greenhouse against your home wall to transfer heat from your home into your greenhouse
If possible you can invest in a lean to greenhouse as pictured above and then place it against the wall of your home. By doing this the heat from your home will transfer through the walls into your greenhouse and help keep it a few degrees warmer. The wall will also act as a thermal mass object which we have already discussed.
Sink your greenhouse into the ground
If possible, before you build your greenhouse, dig a pit 1-2ft deep into which the greenhouse gets positioned. Underground is significantly warmer than above ground especially in the wintertime so if you dig a pit and build your greenhouse into the ground the temperatures will remain more constant at the base and help keep things moderately warm inside especially plants placed at floor level, enough to protect them from frost.
Use paraffin or gas greenhouse heaters
If you want to go without electricity is simply don’t have access to an outlet, or any socket, you can compensate by using a gas heater as pictured below or a paraffin heater pictured above rather than an electric heater.
Gas greenhouse heaters can be used to keep a greenhouse warm enough for tender plants that need a reasonable amount of heat but can be costly to run. If you just need to keep your greenhouse frost-free, you can simply use a paraffin heater when the weather has forecasted near or below freezing to protect more tender plants and keep your greenhouse frost-free.