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How and when to prune raspberries – summer and autumn fruiting varieties
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When you take the time to prune your raspberries, you will help to encourage better fruit production. Remember that every plant has a limited amount of energy and it will put that energy into whatever comes next and its development. If there are older parts of the plants that aren’t producing fruit, that won’t stop your plant from still allocating energy to the development of that area. By getting rid of older parts, diseased parts, and otherwise cutting back, you can encourage energy directly where it is needed most: new growth, new flowers, and delicious berries.
Pruning requires sharp gardening secateurs that have been sanitized and a pair of good gardening gloves. Some raspberry bushes such as Autumn bliss have thorns and if you don’t wear proper gloves you could cut yourself.
How to prune raspberries
Pruning Autumn fruiting raspberries
When to prune is contingent upon the type of raspberries you are growing which is where most people go wrong, you can prune out the stem that were going to produce the fruit. If you are growing the raspberries that produce fruit in the Autumn such as Autumn bliss a popular choice, you want to prune at the end of winter, around February. The reason for this is that Autumn fruiting raspberries produce flowers and subsequently, fruit, on new growth.
Pruning summer fruiting raspberries
If you have summer fruiting raspberries when autumn approaches you to want to cut back your canes to ground level but only if they produced fruit that summer or they are diseases or dead. You might benefit from physically marking the canes which produce fruit so that you can tell which are the older ones and which are the newer ones. The newer one should be lush and green and most need to be left as they will produce the fruit the following year. Your goal here is to leave around eight of the strongest new canes and get rid of all the rest. They should be spaced about 10 centimetres apart on the support structure so that they get as much light and air as possible. The reason for this is that summer fruiting raspberries produce fruit on growth from the previous season.
So make sure you know which type of fruit you are growing so that you can time your pruning appropriately and more importantly prune the right stems. Doing so will help you to make room for new growth and subsequently a wonderful yield of fresh raspberries the following year.
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