General gardening topics

Growing Photinia Red Robin – the beginner’s guide

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The Photinia x Fraseri, otherwise known as Red Robin, is a popular hybrid of the Photinia shrub.  This popular evergreen shrub has beautiful red leaves and this is where it gets its name. This shrub, and all the types of Photinias, are very widely grown and they have received the Award of Garden Merit from the RHS.

Growing a Photinia Red Robin is very rewarding and to make things even better, they are very easy to grow. They are very hardy but frost can damage the new growth in spring. Plant in moist well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Very limited pruning is needed and they are a low maintenance shrub but they make an excellent hedge as shown below.

Photinia red robin hedge grown along side a horse paddock
HardinessIt will grow in all parts of the UK and is very hardy, however, doesn’t like cold winds and this can damage new foliage in spring.
Soil TypePrefers moist well-drained soil but will grow well in nearly all soil types including clay if you dig some peat and compost in before planting.
SunWill grow well in full sun or partial shade.
Garden sizeCan be grown in any size garden and even in pots. They can grow very big if left unpruned (5m – 15ft) but they can handle being pruned regularly to keep it at 3-4ft if needed.
MaintenanceVery easy to care for with very little maintenance required, only pruning if necessary but they can also be left to grow into a large shrub.
ProblemsThe only common problem is black spots on the leaves, however, this is not thought to be caused by disease or fungus and is more stress-related.

Where to buy

Photinia Red Robin
  • Pot Size: 9cm
  • Height Supplied (incl. pot): 20-40cm * Varies with Pruning
  • Planting Method: Space plants 2-3ft apart for maximum coverage
  • Characteristics: fast-growing, bright red elliptic leaves with new growth, evergreen foliage
Photinia Red Robin
  • Supplied Height: 5-6ft
  • Characteristics: Vivid young glossy bright red leaves with finely serrated edges. Clusters of white flowers in spring. Evergreen.
  • Flowering: Ivory white flowers in mid spring.
  • Height and Spread: 4m / 4m. Screening tree. Can be pruned into a hedge.
  • Hardiness and Best Position: Hardy, frost hardy to -8°C. Sheltered position is best

Growing conditions for a Photinia include a large garden (if possible) if you want to let it grow into a large shrub, however, it handles pruning well and it can just as easily be kept within a certain size.

Grows to 4-5 metres it can just as easily be kept at 4ft by pruning

photinia red robin new red growth

This is an evergreen shrub and if you don’t properly prune it, will reach a height of 4-5 metres and a width of 4-5 metres. This is a fast-growing shrub that will easily give you 30cm of growth every year once it gets established which is why it’s a good choice for hedging.

Pruning is somewhat of a necessary evil in as far as the pruning helps to keep it in check but at the same time, the shrub responds very well to the active pruning and will grow faster and healthier as a result and encourage more of the lovely fresh red shoots it’s renowned for.

Very hardy but unfavourable conditions can cause black spots the on leaves

This is a very strong shrub that can be grown in almost every area of the UK, in fact, it can survive places where the temperature drops to -12 degrees Celsius but it is known to suffer from stress that can cause black spots on the leaves. This can be related to cold winds in exposed areas so it may be better planted in a more sheltered position.

Grown for its bright red leaves and will produce clusters of white flowers if not pruned

Photinia red robin flowers
Photinia Red Robin flowers

There are some flowers but it is not recommended that you allow the plant to produce flowers because they have a very unpleasant scent.  Incidentally, you will know if you forgot to prune in a timely fashion because come June you will get clusters of tiny white flowers. What it does give you instead of flowers are beautiful bright red leaves that start to turn green as they mature, which is why most people choose to have Photinias.

Grows in nearly all soil types, including clay

The Photinia will survive in all soils except for heavy waterlogged or heavy clay soils. If you do have clay soil then adding some peat and compost can usually make it good enough for Photinias to grow, so it’s well worth trying.

The shrubs prefer full sunlight but they can thrive in areas with partial shade as long as they get several hours of sun. If at all possible avoid any fully shaded areas because they will not thrive to their full potential.

Once your Photinia is established you will rarely have to water it which helps keep your water costs down and means it’s fairly low maintenance. In fact, it will tolerate moderate drought which makes it perfect for summertime.

Growing a hedge of Photina Red Robin looks absolutely stunning

Photinia red robin hedge growing along my driveway
Photinia red robin hedge growing along my driveway

Being a versatile shrub you can grow it as a hedge, you can grow it against a fence and allow it to reach maximum heights which means it is also perfect for forming a large screen, or you can grow it as a specimen plant, and even allow it to do well in containers but it does then need watering regularly.

If you need it to function as a barrier hedge, pick a different plant because this one has no thorns, and animals or individuals can simply part it and walk through. Tangentially it has not been listed as poisonous to dogs, however, if you have cows or horses on your land that graze it could cause them some minor problems if they eat it, so this is something worth considering.


How to plant Photinias

When you are ready to plant Photinias, choose an area that has full sun to partial shade. Your Photinia will need proper air circulation so, if you have it set up against the wall or a fence, it will do just fine as long as you don’t place it right against the wall or fence because this area tends to be dry.

If you have heavy soil and it doesn’t drain well, add compost to lighten the load. As long as the ground is not frozen you can plant Photinias all year round so you don’t need to wait until summer. You can water it when the conditions get dry but you won’t need to all through winter if your soil is already extremely wet, however, it’s worth noting that it can only take water from the root ball until it gets established and puts some roots out. The ideal time to plant is between the middle of March and the beginning of April or the beginning of October while the ground is still warm so it should put some roots out ready for winter.

Once you are ready for planting, dig a hole that is twice the size of your root ball and sprinkle in a handful of compost if you can. Place your Photinia in the hole and fill it with soil until it reaches the same depth as the root ball was in the pot. At that point fill in around the root ball and firmly pack down the soil in a gentle fashion. Water it well to make sure that the roots get settled.

If you are growing your Photinias as a hedge, plant them 60-90cm apart in order to achieve proper density. If you are growing them against a wall the plants need to be at least 60cm from the wall or the fence in question. If you plant them any closer to one another they will suffer from a lack of moisture and air circulation problems and if pruned they will quickly establish themselves and fill out.


Growing Photinia’s in containers

You can put a single Red Robin in a large container as long as it has a diameter of at least 45cm, it really depends on the size of the Red Robin you buy, the larger the better because it gives them plenty of room to grow.

Fill the container with a shrub or long-term compost mix. Plant it and feed it regularly between the middle of March in the middle of August. When it is in a container it will require regular watering. Once you see the top 3cm is dry, add water. You can prune in the same way you would prune a regular plant in order to maintain your desired shape and size for the container in which it is grown.


How to care for Photinia

Close up of Photinia red robin and general care

Once your Photinia has established itself it will take care of itself quite well. It is for this reason that Photinias are an easy maintenance plant. In fact, they will grow happily without you needing to add additional food to the soil or regular watering. You may need to prune them once or twice annually to maintain the shape and size of your plants.

If you have a younger plant that is not yet 2 years old, make sure to water it should the conditions become dry. Give it some Bonemeal in the spring and autumn to help the roots establish themselves and remove any weeds or grass from around the base of the plant.

Be advised that Red Robins can sometimes drop their leaves throughout the year (more frequently than most shrubs) this, however, is fairly normal and not something to worry about unless you notice other signs of stress such as spotted leaves or wilting.


How to prune Photinia

Pruning is not essential except for controlling the size and shape

The frequency with which you prune is based on the size and shape you prefer. If you don’t prune your Red Robin it will grow very happily and it will become a bush approximately 5 metres high and wide in as little as 8 to 10 years given the right growing conditions, fertile soil, plenty of sun and more importantly, no pruning.

Only prune until the July to protect new growth from early frosts

New red growth on Photinia red robin which is at risk from frost early in the season or late in the season if pruned too late

If you want a smaller shrub, maybe as a specimen, you can prune it anytime between March and the middle of July. Ideally, you want to try and avoid pruning after the end of July because the younger shoots that are produced after pruning are very soft and they stand to be damaged if you have an early frost late in the season. It won’t kill the plant but it will look unsightly and is best avoided if possible.

Younger plants are better left for a few years before pruning unless you have a plant that has a single or very few stems. If this is the case, prune it back hard when the risk of frost has gone to encourage the plant to bush and form a better, well-branched plant.

You can cut back your Photinia severely using a good pair of loppers and it will almost always come back. If your plant has gotten out of control you can prune it back to just 2ft in May when the plant is strongest and it will come back stronger than ever.


Common Photinia problems

Red robins are very healthy and they are rarely attacked by any pests, however, their weakness is leaf spot. It is extremely common and does look a little unsightly but it will not kill the plant.

Leaf Spot

If you look at your leaves and you see dark black or red spots it is indicative of leaf spot. These leaves will eventually fall off the plant and sometimes plants can start to look bare. It’s actually thought that this is typically caused by damp and humid conditions rather than by disease itself, so the best way to resolve this problem is by planting it in a more favourable location, perhaps in a more sheltered area if it is currently in an exposed area that is open to cold winds.

If you have noticed it early and your plant is only partially affected, you can remove the leaves that are damaged and burn them. Then you can prune back hard in the middle of May giving your plant ample time to bounce back and recover with summer on its way.

Honey fungus

Honey fungus is a fungal disease that will spread underground from another tree or plant to the root system of your Red Robin, we have discussed this previously as a problem that can affect Lilacs.

If you see an unhealthy plant that has white fungus appearing around the ground level and sometimes under the bark, you can carefully dig in the direction of the roots to verify, and you will find that the fungus is usually present on the roots. If your Photinia is the only plant you see with any signs of distress, chances are it’s not a honey fungus because this would impact other plants nearby.

If, however, you have determined that it is honey fungus the only sensible option you have is to dig up your Photinia and burn it, alongside any other plants that are impacted because there is no current chemical treatment for this disease.


How to take Photinia cuttings

The process below is the same whether you take softwood cuttings in the early summer or semi-hardwood cutting in the summer or autumn.

  1. It is very easy to propagate Red Robins and the chances of success are quite high.
  2. Start by taking a cutting at the end of July through to the beginning of September.
  3. It is recommended that you take a cutting that is longer than you need so that you can make the final cut when you are ready to plant it.
  4. Choose a stem that is approximately 2mm thick and take a cutting right below the leaf node that is approximately 8cm in length. This should be semi-ripe growth, neither too soft nor too hard.
  5. Remove any lower leaves from the cutting (as you do with all cuttings).
  6. Get small pots approximately 8cm wide and evenly space the three cuttings about 4cm deep.
  7. Place some compost on top and gently pack it down. Put the pot in a shallow tray of water for at least half an hour so that it absorbs enough moisture at the root system.
  8. Cover the container with cling-wrap or a small plastic bag making sure that the leaves are not touching the top.
  9. Place the pot in a shaded and cool area, or in a cold frame if you are lucky enough to have one.

It should take about two to three weeks for you to see the cutting manifest. At that point, you need to remove the plastic bag and allow it to grow slightly larger, unhindered by any plastic. You can put it in its final position in your garden in April or May after any frost danger has passed and when it has a root system. It may be worth leaving it in the pot until next spring to increase the chances of it transplanting successfully.

Where to buy

Photinia Red Robin
  • Bushy photinia red Robin plants
  • Planted in a 10 litre Pot
  • Ideal for hedges or stand alone specimen
  • Fully winter hardy for whole of the UK
Photinia Red Robin
  • Supplied Height: 5-6ft
  • Characteristics: Vivid young glossy bright red leaves with finely serrated edges. Clusters of white flowers in spring. Evergreen.
  • Flowering: Ivory white flowers in mid spring.
  • Height and Spread: 4m / 4m. Screening tree. Can be pruned into a hedge.
  • Hardiness and Best Position: Hardy, frost hardy to -8°C. Sheltered position is best

Last update on 2022-03-17 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Welcome to my site, my name is John and I have been lucky enough to work in horticultural nurseries for over 15 years in the UK. As the founder and editor as well as researcher, I have a City & Guilds Horticultural Qualifications which I proudly display on our About us page. I now work full time on this website where I review the very best gardening products and tools and write reliable gardening guides. Behind this site is an actual real person who has worked and has experience with the types of products we review as well as years of knowledge on the topics we cover from actual experience. You can reach out to me at john@pyracantha.co.uk

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